Pre-Trip Inspection

Heavy Motor Vehicles and Vehicles Towing a Trailer over 750kg

  • Mention that the oil, water, and fan belts must be checked.
  • Pull the windscreen wipers away from the windscreen and leave them in that position.

Exterior Inspection

You could be asked to do either the inspections in either order, so prepare for that possibility.

Inspect the vehicle for possible damage, preferably from top to bottom, left to right in an anti-clockwise direction.

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  1. Check under the vehicle for obvious leaks, obstructions, etc.
  2. Unlock all doors.
    (All of the following specify right-hand side items) 
  3. Check the side mirror for damage, cleanliness and stability.
  4. Check the right-hand portion of the windscreen for damage and cleanliness.
  5. Check the window screen wipers for wear, stability and cleanliness and leave them extended position.
  6. Check right-hand front wheel: tyre tread for wear and damage, sidewall damage, inflation, valve cap, oil, grease leaks and wheel nuts.
  7. Check the lenses and reflectors for damage, cleanliness and stability.
  8. Check the vehicle for damage, stability of the bonnet, grille and bumper.
  9. Mention that oil, water, brake fluid and fanbelt should be checked.
  10. Check the number plates for damage, cleanliness, stability and validity and check that the number plate lights work.
  11. Check the licence, exception and certificate of fitness, if applicable, for validity.
    (Repeat steps 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 for the left and back sides of the vehicle.) 
  12. Check the wheels: tread depth for wear and damage, sidewalls, tyre pressure, dust cap, oil, grease and wheel nuts, objects between any double wheels (visual inspection only).
  13. Mention that the spare wheel, jack and wheel spanner should be checked.
  14. Check the doors and window winders for proper operation, and the seat belts for stability and damage.
  15. Check the cab and windows for damage, cleanliness and stability.
  16. Check the tilt cab locking device (if applicable).
  17. In the case of an articulated vehicle, check the service lines and couplings for damage and stability. Check for air leaks.
  18. Check the battery and holder for damage and stability.
  19. Check the air tanks for damage and stability and test for water in the tanks (if applicable).
  20. Check the information plates on the vehicle and all trailers for damage, cleanliness, stability and validity.
  21. In the case of an articulated vehicle check the trailer licence disc and number plate for validity.
  22. In the case of a trailer, check reflectors for damage, cleanliness and stability.
  23. Check chevrons for damage, cleanliness, stability and validity.
  24. Check doors, drop sides and/or windows for damage, cleanliness and stability.
  25. Check any support legs for stability.
  26. Ensure that the trailer park brake is off.
  27. Check the rear number plate and lights.
  28. Check the bumpers for damage and stability.
  29. In the case of an articulated vehicle, check the fifth wheel coupling and the safety lock pin. 30.
  30. Check the exhaust for damage and stability.
  31. Check the fuel tank and cap for stability.

 

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